Turkish-Chinese Relations, 16.03.2016
Turkey and China enjoy historical bond of
friendship. Being located respectively on the west and east ends of the ancient
Silk Road, Turkey and China have a long history of political, cultural and
The relations between the peoples of the
two countries go back to China’s Han Dynasty (209 B.C.-220 A.D.) and the Hun
Empire which is one of the early Turkish states. There were also close
relations between the Tang Dynasty (618-907), one of the most successful and
stable periods of the Chinese history and the Göktürks, the Turkish state that
reigned in the same period. This timeframe is considered to be the most active
and prosperous period of the historical Silk Road, which not only enabled
trade-links between the Turkish and Chinese peoples, but also paved the way for
social and cultural ties between them.
Turkey recognized the People’s Republic of
China on 5 August 1971. Turkey pursues "One China" policy and
recognizes the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal representative of
China. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of
Turkey and the People’s Republic of China 37 years ago, the scope of friendship
and cooperation between the two countries has expanded in many fields.
Furthermore, the frequent exchange of high-level visits has strengthened mutual
understanding and enhanced bilateral ties.
Turkey and the People’s
Republic of China both follow peaceful foreign policies based on friendship,
mutual trust and respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity,
non-interference in internal affairs and mutual benefit. The two countries
share similar views on most international issues. Turkey considers the People’s
Republic of China as a very important partner.
The rapid economic development of Turkey
and China in the past decades has had a significant impact upon the economic
and commercial relations between the two countries. The volume of trade has
grown continuously and the scope of economic and trade cooperation expanded.
The volume of trade increased from 283 million USD in 1990 to 27,3 billion USD
The ongoing contact between the peoples of
the two countries has also significant contribution to the relations. Chinese
tourists have been visiting Turkey since 2001. The growing number of travelers
between the two countries brings the people of Turkey and China closer. In
2015, more than 300.000 Chinese visited Turkey.
Turkey and China also grant scholarships
for higher education in their respective countries.
Turkey attaches great importance to the
further development of its relations with China. There is still a great
potential to be tapped for further improvement and enrichment of the steadily
growing cooperation between the two countries.
- H.E. Mr. Li Xiannian (13-19 March 1984)
- H.E. Mr. Süleyman Demirel (23-27 May 1995)
- H.E. Mr. Jiang Zemin (18-21 April 2000)
- H.E. Mr. Abdullah Gül (24-29 June 2009)
- H.E. Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (29-30 July 2015)
- H.E. Mr. Xi Jinping (15-16 November 2015)
* Prime Minister;
-H.E. Mr. Turgut Özal (30 June-7 July 1985)
-H.E. Mr. Zhao Ziyang (17-23 July 1986)
-H.E. Mr. Zhu Rongji (15-19 April 2002)
- H.E. Mr. Wen Jiabao (7-9 October 2010)
- H.E. Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (7-11 April 2012)
Minister of Foreign Affairs;
- H.E. Mr. Qian Qichen (3-7 September 1990)
- H.E. Mr. İsmail Cem (14-20 February 1998)
- H.E. Mr. Tang Jiaxuan (6-9 February 2001)
H.E. Mr. Abdullah Gül (1-5 February 2005)
- H.E. Mr. Yang Jiechi (25-27 January 2010)
- H.E. Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu (28
October-2 November 2010 and 19-22 May 2014)
- H.E. Mr. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (31 October 2014)